Challenge 2: Attractiveness of Urban Space for Walking
The following important element within urban structure is public space and pedestrian links. Their attractiveness can be enhanced through easy-to-take specific infrastructure solutions within urban space:
- Direct, convenient pedestrian connectivity.
- Environment comfort (lighting, shadow, green spaces, seating, possibility to buy things / have a coffee).
- Smooth sidewalk pavement.
- No parking on sidewalks.
After inventing the automotive industry together with modernist urban planning, street design over decades has become a very vehicle-oriented area of planning. Instead of the concept of a “street” it is usually used the “road”. Thus, pedestrian traffic planning in the streets usually followed the “residual” principle, in spite of the fact that basically all citizens walk on foot. Even the persons who usually drive a car need to walk to the car to reach it.
Despite the fact that each citizen is a pedestrian to a certain degree and walking on foot is absolutely environmentally-friendly mode and efficient use of urban space, pedestrian right for high quality space is the most infringed one.
Surveys taken during the SUMP development showed that residents who would often walk on foot usually complain about the following things:
- pavement in bad condition, barriers within the space, dirt, and puddles;
- insufficient sidewalks width for comfortable mobility;
- barriers on the walkway: cars parked on the sidewalks, poles, fences, road signs, outdoor café terraces, etc.;
- no shade, noise, polluted air;
- insufficient lighting.
Objective 2. Pedestrian friendly city
2.1. To raise comfort levels in pedestrian space of the streets.
To expand the sidewalks where possible, to eliminate the barriers, to expand green spaces in the streets, to make the crossings logical and convenient to use.
2.2. To develop the catalogue for organizing inclusive public space in the city.
The catalogue shall include ready-made solutions that meet expectations of both low-mobile citizens, requirements of State Construction Standards and the Ukrainian National Standardization System, and international best practices.
2.3. To organize green arterial links between different parts of the city.
Cycling and walking paths completely separated from traffic will create new opportunities for comfortable urban mobility for citizens, and allow for new territorial development.
2.4. To develop city guidelines on tactiсal urbanism.
It would help the community check design solutions with minor interference’s into public space at low cost. Public participation projects are becoming of higher quality and professionalism with each year. Generalized best practices will help bring the average level of projects higher and highlight ways for improvement of urban space that citizens could implement themselves or in collaboration.
1. Environment accessible for citizens with reduced mobility.
2. Barrier-free environment.
3. Comfortable environment.
4. Zoning of sidewalks.
5. Direct logical links.
6. Eliminating barriers from the transit area (poles, signposts, advertising cases).
7. Green Line – an alternative to arterial streets.
Catalogue of activities
To develop the catalogue for arranging an inclusive public space
Since citizens with reduced mobility are the most vulnerable category of urban space users it is suggested to create the reference book for typical solutions on accessibility in organizing street infrastructure elements. City comfortable for people with reduced mobility is comfortable for all people.
To develop a city reference book on tactical urbanism
The reference book will tell about actions citizens and businessmen could take on their own to improve public space. The city shall support the initiatives with technical and financial support. Everyone shall understand the temporary nature of public spaces created on this basis.
The reference book will include typical elements for organization of public spaces and traffic safety provisions with no need to run the capital construction works.
To ensure priority snow cleaning from cycling and walking paths
Snow cleaning on cycling and walking paths cannot be done on a residual basis, following the cleaning of the roadway. Snow piles shall not narrow the transit zone of sidewalks less than the minimum allowed size (2.25 m for arterial streets). Cycling infrastructure shall be fit for use in winter time, too. Access ways to pedestrian crossings as high injury risk sites in wintertime shall be cleaned as a priority. It is important to prevent any puddles therein or the spots uncleaned due to ice-crusted ground.
Photos by: Volodymyr Karaim