Covenant of Mayors is a key initiative of the European Union that encompasses local and regional authorities who undertake voluntary commitments to increase energy efficiency and increasingly use renewable energy sources on their territories. Following these commitments, the Covenant signatories try to have their own CO2 emissions reduced by at least 20% by 2020, thereby facilitating development of environmentally-oriented economy and improvement of life quality.
After adoption, in 2008, of the European Union Climate and Energy Package, the European Commission has launched the Covenant of Mayors for encouragement and support of efforts undertaken by local authorities in development and implementation of sustainable energetic development policy. The local authorities indeed play leading role in mitigation of consequences of climate change especially with account of the fact that 80% of energy consumption and CO2 emissions are concerned with urban activities.
Owing to the Covenant of Mayors, the EU institutions have made an unprecedented step in immediate engagement of local and regional authorities, by simultaneously recognizing their important role in attainment of ambitious goals in the field of energetics and preservation of climate.
Actions speak louder than words
To materialize their political commitments into specific events and projects, the Covenant signatories, in particular, undertake to prepare the Basic Emission Cadaster following the development of the local sustainable economic development policy and corresponding potential in the energy management, and submit, within a year after the Covenant signing, the Sustainable Energy Action Plan, outlining the main events they plan to undertake.
Beside the energy saving, we might expect also other results from the activities undertaken by the signatories: provision of ecologically clean and affordable energy services, creation of full-time jobs with preparatory training, increase of financial and social stability, healthier environment, better life quality, increase of economic competitiveness through development of business and innovations, as well as improvement of quality of social services and infrastructure. These events, included by the Covenant signatories to the base of best practices entitled “Samples of Perfection”, serve a sample for others to follow. The Catalogue of Sustainable Energy Action Plans is another unique source of inspiration as it is a brief demonstration of ambitious goals and major activities for their attainment, selected by other signatories.
In the signatories’ countries
The municipalities increasingly express their political will to sign the Covenant, though they not always have the necessary political and administrative potential, as well as financial and technical resources for fulfillment of their obligations. This is the reason why those state authorities and networks with ability to assist the signatories in achievement of their ambitious goals, are offered special status within the Covenant.
Networks or Associations of local authorities with the status of Covenant Supporters oblige to increase, to the maximum, the influence of the initiative through the lobbying activities, interaction with their members and arrangement of experience exchange platforms.
From Covenant of Mayors Offices
The Covenant signatories, Covenant Coordinators and Covenant Supporters are provided with promotional, technical and administrative assistance from the Covenant of Mayors Office (CoMO) located in Brussels, and from regional offices of Covenant of Mayor in Lviv and Tbilisi (CoM – East). Both offices are managed by organization consortiums represented by local, regional and state authorities. Covenant of Mayors Office in Brussels is responsible for general coordination of the initiative.
From the Joint Research Center
The Joint Research Center of the European Commission, in cooperation with Covenant of Mayors Offices, provides to the signatories its assistance on scientific and technical issues, concerned mainly with Basic Emission Cadasters and Sustainable Energy Action Plans.
In this process, the signatories act with the entire set of tools and methods, developed in cooperation with the Covenant of Mayors Offices and the Joint Research Center.
From EU institutions
Besides assistance, provided to Covenant of Mayors on the part of the European Commission, the initiative also enjoys the benefits of full institutional support of the EU, in particular, on the part of the Committee of Regions that supported the initiative from the very beginning; on the part of the European Parliament where annual signing ceremony takes place, and also on the part of European Investment Bank that assists the local authorities with unlocking of their investment potential.
Volumes of Lviv’s Emissions in 2008 and Planned Reduction of Emissions
|Conclusive energy consumption by sectors 2008 (MWh)|
|CO2 emissions by sectors in 2008 (t)|
Key Elements of Lviv
|Expected reduction of CO2 by direction (t) in 2020 if compared to the base 2008|
|CO2 emissions by direction (t) – base level, achievements and predictions|
Goal in terms of CO2 emissions by direction: