Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan (SUMP) of Lviv is a strategic document defining transport strategy of the city for the next 10 years
The Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan of Lviv (SUMP) provides an answer to the question: how to optimize the city so that residents would get around it efficiently in terms of time, comfort, cost, with benefits for health and minimum negative environmental impact.
The SUMP views the mobility issue from the broader perspective and, besides the issues of transport movement as a tool of moving the people, focuses on people themselves and their transport needs in order to find more efficient ways to satisfy mobility needs that would allow raising city’s life quality. The SUMP is an “umbrella” industry strategy aiming at integration of various spheres of urban activity that impact mobility of people and goods within the city. The framework, principles and goals, laid into the Plan are to serve the basis for more detailed strategies for specific mobility spheres, and namely, public transport development strategy and urban parking concept.
The SUMP assists the balanced development of all sorts of transport and mobility, and simultaneously promotes transition to more sustainable transport modes. The Plan provides for an integrated complex of technical, infrastructural, political and lenient activities for enhancement of efficiency and cost-effectiveness of the city council’s activity in the transport sphere that have to correspond to the declared objective and specific goals. The sustainable mobility plan encompasses the following subjects: public transport, pedestrian and bicycle movement, intermodality, road safety, motor vehicles (motion and parking), urban logistics, mobility management, intellectual transport systems.
Without the sustainable mobility plan, the activities, realized by various institutions, would be chaotic and shapeless. Up till today, Lviv did not have a strategic vision of transport and mobility development. This led to the situation where different city departments carried their activities with differing motives and objectives. The city needs a clear vision of its development vector as a guidance to all the relevant structures.
The first sustainable urban mobility plans have been developed in the cities of the European Union since 1980s. Today’s legislation of most EU countries advances elaboration of sustainable urban mobility plans as a demand to the cities.
In Ukraine, elaboration of this sort of plans has no legislative regulation so far. Elaboration of the Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan of Lviv was driven by the project Integrated Urban Development in Ukraine of Deutsche Gesellschaft für internationale Zusammenarbeit GIZ GmbH, joined by Lviv in October 2018. The structure, responsible for elaboration of SUMP on Lviv’s side is the City Institute communal enterprise. Besides Lviv, the Sustainable Urban Mobility Plans in Ukraine are elaborated in Chernivtsi, Vinnytsia, Zhytomyr, Poltava and Podil District of Kyiv, and besides, such document has been already developed and approved in Mykolaiv. The process of developing the SUMP in Lviv is funded by the German party.
In Lviv, the SUMP is developed on the basis of the protocol on cooperation within the “Integrated Urban Development in Ukraine” project between Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH and Lviv City Council, signed on 26.10.2018 and pursuant to the Order No.677 of the Mayor of Lviv dated 27.11.2018 “On Forming of the Working Group for Development of Draft Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan of Lviv”.