Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan (SUMP) of Lviv is a strategic document defining transport strategy of the city for the next 10 years
The Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan of Lviv (SUMP) is a strategic document that defines the city’s transport policy for the next ten years and answers the question of how to optimize the city to make it efficient for its residents, in terms of time, comfort, value, health safety and the least negative impact on the environment.
SUMP addresses the transportation issue more broadly. It includes not only the movement of transport as a tool for transporting people but also focuses directly on people and their needs to find more efficient ways of meeting mobility needs that could improve the quality of life in the city. SUMP is an “umbrella” sectoral strategy that brings together the various urban activities that affect mobility of people and goods within the city. Based on the framework, principles and goals laid down in the Plan, more detailed strategies, concepts, regulations and directories for specific areas of mobility shall be developed, such as public transport development strategy, parking concept in the city, individual motor vehicle traffic concept, cycling development concept, pedestrian zones development concept, electromobility, and more.
The Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan of Lviv was developed for:
- employees of the Lviv City Council, executive authority in charge of quality of projects who directly supervise the implementation of urban projects in the fields of transport, street infrastructure, and public spaces;
- MPs and politicians, such as decision-makers prioritizing activities to be funded by the city;
- NGOs and community activists as change agents in the development of the city;
- residents of Lviv – end users of the outcomes of activities and project implementation;
SUMP fosters a balanced development of all transportation and mobility modes while incentivizing the transition towards more sustainable mobility. The plan provides for an integrated set of technical, infrastructure, policy and other measures to increase the efficiency and economic feasibility of city council activities in the field of transport, which must meet the stated goal and specific objectives. SUMP addresses such issues as public transport, walking and cycling, intermodality (combining several mobility modes in one trip), traffic safety, motor vehicles (traffic and parking), urban logistics, mobility management, and smart transportation systems.
Without a sustainable mobility plan, the actions taken by various institutions will be chaotic and ill-considered. To date, Lviv has not had any strategic and realistic vision for the development of transport and mobility. The Master Plan proposes solutions impossible to implement in terms of financial feasibility of the city, and they require review for sustainable mobility. As a result, different subdivisions of the city had different motivations and goals in their work. The city needs a clear vision for the development vector that will guide all agencies in charge.
The early sustainable urban mobility plans in EU cities have been built since the late 1980s. Currently, legislation in most EU countries requires cities to develop Sustainable Urban Mobility Plans.
In fact, SUMP contains clear answers to the roots of problems, principles to be followed in decision-making, and a clear action plan to address problems and achieve the desired outcome. This is a manual for developing and making decisions for self-government officials and council deputies.
The availability of a high-quality Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan fosters external funding for infrastructure development, and enables loans at lower interest rates. In addition, it is a rather formalized way of addressing the interests of different stakeholders, which can be integrated into other urban planning documents.
This strategic document differs from the previous similar papers in that a part of the plan is a ready-made system for implementation and monitoring of all activities undertaken by the city in the field of mobility. The implementation of the plan should be regularly monitored by an interdisciplinary team, while the responsible units should systematically submit progress reports.
In Ukraine, elaboration of this sort of plans has no legislative regulation so far. Elaboration of the Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan of Lviv was driven by the project Integrated Urban Development in Ukraine of Deutsche Gesellschaft für internationale Zusammenarbeit GIZ GmbH, joined by Lviv in October 2018. The structure, responsible for elaboration of SUMP on Lviv’s side is the City Institute communal enterprise. Besides Lviv, the Sustainable Urban Mobility Plans in Ukraine are elaborated in Chernivtsi, Vinnytsia, Zhytomyr, Poltava and Podil District of Kyiv, and besides, such document has been already developed and approved in Mykolayiv. The process of SUMP development in Lviv is funded by the Federal Government of Germany.
In Lviv, the SUMP is developed on the basis of the protocol on cooperation within the “Integrated Urban Development in Ukraine” project between Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH and Lviv City Council, signed on 26.10.2018 and pursuant to the Order No.677 of the Mayor of Lviv dated 27.11.2018 “On Forming of the Working Group for Development of Draft Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan of Lviv”.
In order to develop the most relevant document for today, in addition to local authors, the drafting process for the Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan for Lviv also engaged foreign experts with prior experience of both developing and implementing SUMPs in their respective cities.
The SUMP project working group included the following members:
- Andriy Bilyy – Deputy Director of the Department for Housing and Infrastructure, Head of the Working Group;
- Stefan Gabi – Head of Projects and Programs in the Field of Material / Non-material Production of a City Institute Municipal Office;
- Demyan Danylyuk – expert in Sustainable Urban Mobility;
- Roman Zubachyk – Head of Transport Planning and Modelling, Lvivavtodor Municipal Enterprise;
- Ihor Mohyla – Head of Development Department, “Lvivelektrotrans” Municipal Enterprise;
- Orest Oleskiv – Consolidated Information Analyst at the City Institute Municipal Office, Secretary of the Working Group;
- Oksana Oliynyk – Project Manager, Integrated Urban Development in Ukraine (GIZ) in Lviv;
- Marta Pastukh – Coordinator in the project “Integrated Urban Development in Ukraine” (GIZ) in Lviv;
- Pavlo Syrvatka – Head of Investment Projects Department, “Lvivavtodor” Municipal Enterprise;
- Oleksandra Sladkova – Head of Urban Development Department, Lviv Municipal Enterprise “Institute for Spatial Development”;
- Oleh Shmid – Director of Lviv Municipal Enterprise “Institute for Spatial Development”;
- Oleksandr Shutyuk – Designer at Urban Development Department of Lviv Municipal Enterprise “Institute for Spatial Development”.
The Lviv team of experts and managers was advised by experts from Switzerland and Germany, who represent the companies: Basler & Hofmann AG, Van de Wetering Atelier für Städtebau GmbH, Burkhard Horn: Mobilität & Verkehr – Strategie & Planung:
- Dr. Ulrike Hoover, Head of Transportation and Spatial Planning, Basler & Hofmann, Zurich;
- Martin Haag, Deputy Mayor for Urban Planning, Freiburg;
- Burkhard Horn, expert on sustainable mobility strategy and planning, Berlin;
- Torben Heinemann, Head of Transport and Construction Office, Leipzig;
- Rupert Wimmer, Head of Transport and Spatial Development Office, Zurich;
- Urs Tomann, Project Manager, Van de Wetering Atelier for Städtebau, Zurich;
- Manuel Oertle, project manager, Basler & Hofmann, Zurich.
By the mayor’s executive order No. 451 of September, 4, 2018, a working group was created to elaborate the Integrated Concept for Lviv Development. It included the following members: A. Moskalenko, Yu. Chaplinsky, O. Kobzarev, S. Babak, H. Vaskiv, H. Slichna, N. Bunda, A. Bilyi, Sh. Habi, P. Adamyk, V. Veremchuk, Yu. Kuzheliuk, M. Lopachak, Yu. Melnyk, I. Telishevskyi, T. Choliy, A. Kolomeytsev, O. Oliynyk, M. Pastukh. During the working group meetings, each stage of development of the Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan of Lviv was presented.
An important part of the work was the continuous involvement of the public, an open process of development, and a multi-stage discussion of the outcomes produced.
The sustainable urban mobility plan of Lviv was approved by the session of the Lviv City Council in February 2020.
What should distinguish this strategic document from previous similar documents is that a monitoring system should be developed as part of the plan, which will not allow to put this document in a “drawer” and forget about it. The implementation of the plan should be regularly monitored by an established interdisciplinary group and the responsible departments should systematically report on the progress of the plan.
The Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan is being developed with a 15-year vision with the creation of a detailed Four-Year Action Plan. The SUMP may be reviewed and adjusted every four years.